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As a pastor my whole goal is to see people grow in Christ likeness. Pastors want to see transformation. We want to see obedience, maturity and growth. This is nothing new. The apostle Paul labored and strived to see or present “everyone mature in Christ” (Col. 1.28).

But how do you get them there?

There are two main approaches that I have seen. One is more popular than the other, and sadly, it is also less biblical.

This is far too common. The approach here is to lay out the biblical responsibility (you must evangelize, lead your family, love your wife, submit to your husband, pray, etc) and then show how far short the hearers have come to compliance.

This approach may seem to produce results. For example, after such a sermon a guy may resolve to witness to his neighbors, love his wife, and start a bible reading plan. Further, he may actually begin doing these things. But what happens when he fizzles out? What happens when the sting of the pastor’s whip has stopped pulsing? What happens when his conscience has quieted?

What the pastor has essentially done is given his hearers law. He has said, “This is what God requires. How far short have you fallen? Now, it is time to make some changes. You need to measure up.”

This approach always produces guilt. But why? It is because the pastor is bidding his hearers to look at the law and then look inward. And when we do that we find ourselves lacking in everything but guilt. We are hopelessly undone when looking to ourselves for moral righteousness. We have nothing. We are guilty. The result is some time on the religious treadmill to try to burn off (atone for) the excess calories (sin) and as a result feel better about ourselves.

This is not helpful.

The other approach seems distinctly more Christian.

This is markedly different. The pastor still shows God’s requirement (law) and exposes our shortcomings (sin). However, instead of bidding the Christian to look inward for righteousness, the pastor lovingly and faithfully raises his brother or sister’s eyes to Christ and what he has done for us.

Don’t get me wrong. I am NOT saying that pastors should not preach the commands of Scripture. I am not even saying that Christians should not feel guilty when they sin. But what I am saying is that when we experience this guilt we are not to look inward for our righteousness but outward. The guilt is not a dark cloud of despair that we sit under until we outrun it through our good works and obedience, instead guilt over sin is to be a divinely dispatched chauffeur that drives us to the cross where we see the culmination of Jesus’ obedience for us.

There is a drastic difference here. On the one hand people are motivated by fear and shame. They will work to obey until they don’t feel the fear and the shame seems to be mitigated. This is not gospel but pennance.

On the other hand people are motivated by love. We are sinners. We know this by the weight of guilt that impresses itself upon us as we hear the law thunder. But if Jesus is the true and better scape goat who bears our guilt and shame as he is escorted out to the wilderness then we are free from fear, guilt and shame.

And further, if Jesus has truly satisfied and removed God’s just wrath. If he is the true and better other goat from the Day of Atonement (Lev. 16), the one who was killed and had his blood marched into the heavenly Holy of Holies for us–then there is nothing to atone for! As a result, we are motivated by love, happiness and security. And unlike guilt, fear, and shame—love never expires! A true understanding of what Christ has done for us will never fizzle, it will only flame, burn, and kindle happiness in Jesus.

We see this with the Apostles in their writing. Look at Ephesians 1-3 and then 4-6 (gospel and then imperative commands). Look at Colossians 1-2 Supremacy and Sufficiency of Christ and then 3-4 all about living in light of the glory of Christ. We see it also with John:

(1Jo 4.9-11) In this the love of God was made manifest among us, that God sent his only Son into the world, so that we might live through him. In this is love, not that we have loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another.

Do you see the difference? John could have said, “Love one another.” And this would have been right. But instead, he seasons this imperative with so much gospel that if the Christian really hears and obeys it he will do so because he is sweating out the truth of Christ’s love for him!

It is deadly to a congregation for the pastor to guilt people into obedience but it is life and joy to glory them into obedience. If we as pastors preach the glory of Christ in the gospel to our churches then we will see them perk up, refreshed. Just like flowers follow the sun during the day, so too Christians are drawn to behold and enjoy the glory of Christ.

The best way to implement this as a church is to implement it as a Christian. If the pastor has benched Jesus and his gospel and is preaching law then he has done so in his own life. The gospel is on the shelf. This is unacceptable. If the goal is obedience then the means is Christ and his gospel. Nothing else will do the job.

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12 thoughts on ““Guilting” vs. “Glorying” People into Obedience”

  1. Scott C says:

    I can’t tell you how much this fed my soul today. I have been convicted by this in a good way. This has put a finger on a struggle I believe I have had in my own preaching. I haven’t always been able to figure it out, but this post helped to clarify some things that ring true for me. I don’t think I have always been conscious of berating my people in my preaching and then wondering why I am frustrated with the lack of positive repsonses, but it is becoming more and more clear to me why this is so. I have been preaching too much law and too little gospel grace. Thanks for the insight and if you think of it, pray for your fellow pastor.

  2. Erik says:

    That is so encouraging to hear Scott. Praying for you now, for gospel refreshment personally and then for that to flow to the congregation through your preaching.

  3. Spherical says:

    Amen! I have been reading through Galatians and this book so speaks to this idea. For Paul to call these people “foolish” for this, you know how it breaks his heart to see such an abuse of the Gospel.

    Thanks for the post!

  4. MShep2 says:

    Thanks for your excellent article on this subject.

    I first realized I was doing this in my ministry when I read John Piper’s book “Future Grace.” In that book he does a very good job of documenting the fact that through the Bible God motivates with promises, not guilt. As I examined my own preaching I saw it was filled with guilt, guilt, guilt. Not only that, it had little hope as to how to please God. This motivated people to make emotional decisions (and maybe even come forward!) but did not produce long term results. (So of course, I felt GUILTY ;-)

    “Future Grace” was a real eye-opener to me and a challenge to have preaching that gave law, but also gave hope. When I read it I first couldn’t believe it – I had assumed guilt was the only way to go. When I saw that “glorying” is the Scriptural method to motivate people, it really changed my preaching style.

  5. gloria dyet says:

    Good one. I turned 74 today. Got such good preaching at Moody in 1955.

  6. Erik says:

    Gloria, if you turned 74 today and you are commenting on a blog, then you are one of my heroes. That is great!! Happy Birthday!!

  7. Erik says:

    MShep2, Future Grace is very helpful. I am glad to hear that it was impactful for you and your ministry.

  8. Shawna says:

    You may never know just how powerful this blog entry has been and will be in many lives. I am starting to pass it around on FBook to those people I know who have been hurt deeply and struggled with their faith intensely by the first style of preaching you wrote about. I have tears streaming down my face as I write this. My Hubby and I have been refreshed by the grace that overflows from the cross in the last 1.5 years after many, many years of being guilted into moralism and law-following Christianity. Your words are filling up this dry and parched soul as God used you to speak to me. Thank you, sincerely.

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Erik Raymond

Erik Raymond is senior pastor of Emmaus Bible Church in Omaha, Ne. He and his wife Christie have six children. You can follow him on Twitter.

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