Search this blog

In September of 1541 John Calvin had to write a hard letter to a friend and fellow minister, William Farel. It was in response to the way in which Farel had handled a situation of pastoral discipline. Calvin, who had struggled himself with hot-headedness in his younger years, was seeking to help Farel remain uncompromising in his message but wiser in how he approached thing. He wrote:

When you have Satan to combat, and you fight under Christ’s banner he who puts on your armour and draws you into the battle will give you the victory. But . . .  a good cause also requires a good instrument. . . .

We only earnestly desire that insofar as your duty permits you will accommodate yourself more to the people.

There are, as you know, two kinds of popularity:

the one, when we seek favour from motives of ambition and the desire of pleasing;

the other, when, by fairness and moderation, we gain their esteem so as to make them teachable by us.

You must forgive us if we deal rather freely with you. . . . You are aware how much we love and revere you. . . . We desire that in those remarkable endowments which the Lord has conferred upon you, no spot or blemish may be found for the malevolent to find fault with, or even to carp at.

Tim Keller picks up on this distinction and explains the two very different motivations that can exist for adapting and accommodating a message to the sensibilities of a particular people:

The first motive is ‘”ambition”—we do it for our sake, for our own glory and approval. The other reason we may accommodate people is for their sake, so that we can gradually win their trust until they become open to the truth they need so much.

The first motive will so control us that we will never offend people. The second motive will help us choose our battles and not offend people unnecessarily.

Keller goes on to contrast Calvin’s perspective with some of what we see today:

The Farels of the world cannot see any such distinction—they believe any effort to be judicious and prudent is a cowardly “sell-out.” But Calvin wisely recognized that his friend’s constant, intemperate denunciations often stemmed not from a selfless courage, but rather from the opposite—pride. . . .

There’s a reason for gaining people’s esteem that is not vain-glorious, and, at the same time, there’s a motivation for boldly speaking the truth that is vain-glorious.

May God give us wisdom to be “wise as serpents and innocent as doves,” because Christ sends us out “as sheep in the midst of wolves” (Matt. 10:16).

View Comments


6 thoughts on “Calvin on Two Kinds of Popularity and Accommodation”

  1. Bruce Russell says:

    Ready, Shoot, Aim?

  2. Andrew says:

    What a great post!

    Those who rush in like bulls every time often notch of the negative response to “Christian persecution” instead of realizing they were part of the problem.

  3. CG says:

    There’s a lot of compromise that isn’t done out of ambition, though, but out of genuine (albeit misguided) good intentions. As Mohler calls it, “what might be described as an apologetic motivation”.

    That “apologetic motivation” seems to be precisely what is held up here as a valid reason to people-please.

  4. Tim Keller says:

    Hi CG —

    I don’t think Calvin is arguing that a gentle and conciliatory approach could not be done for bad motives. Of course you could be people-pleasing rather than seeking to persuade people of the truth.

    What he is warning against is that it is also possible to be confrontative and challenging for bad motives. You can speak very boldly out of people-pleasing motives too–to please the people in your party, who then give you affirmation as being very brave and strong for the truth. That’s Calvin’s point. Don’t think the spiritual dangers are only in the direction of compromising. They lie also in the direction of pride and hardness of heart. They are different but equal dangers.

  5. Webutante says:

    Wonderful post and lots to cogitate on. Yes, the knife cuts both ways and either can be equally self-serving and self-edifying though one is more subtle than the other.

    Tim, when you speak, there’s not much place for us poor sinners and our pride to hide!

Comments are closed.

Search this blog


Justin Taylor photo

Justin Taylor, PhD

Justin Taylor is executive vice president of book publishing and book publisher for Crossway and blogs at Between Two Worlds. You can follow him on Twitter.

Justin Taylor's Books