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Problem 1: A Stifling Approach and Sweeping Caricatures

For all the rhetoric about desiring an honest dialogue and inviting criticism as "a gift" (13, 25), McLaren's actual approach to argumentation makes probing conversation more difficult. When he positions himself as a martyr (243) and equates attacks on him with attacks on the abolitionists (87), it hardly encourages disagreement. In fact, he ends the book by referencing the first-century Jewish rabbi Gamaliel who famously advocated a "wait and see" approach to the new Christian movement (242ff.). The idea being: let's give McLaren a break and just see how things turn out. That's one approach, and appropriate in some situations (though Luke never actually commends Gamaliel). But the apostles never advocated a "wait and see" approach with false teachers in their midst. There's a time to wait and a time to correct, reprove, and rebuke, (2 Tim. 2:25; 4:2; Titus 1:9).

It's also hard to engage in conversation when McLaren paints such an unflattering picture of those he imagines will oppose him. Traditionalists, he argues, approach Scripture the way they do so they won't get fired from their jobs and so the "love gifts" will keep flowing in. Insiders "who depend on the constitutional system [of reading the Bible] for their salary and social status will be unlikely to question it and equally likely to defend it passionately" (80). This is grossly unfair. If you are serious about receiving critique, it doesn't help to position yourself as a martyr all the while slashing and burning the opposition to whom you have indiscriminately imputed the worst possible motives.

No group can exist without a devil, McLaren says at one point (175). This is probably true. In which case I suggest the best devil is the devil. But for McLaren, the devil appears to be fundamentalist conservatives. Case in point, this description of the Christian community in the 1980s and 1990s:

A large number of both Protestant and Catholic leaders aligned with a neoconservative political ideology, trumpeting what they called "conservative family values," but minimizing biblical community values. They supported wars of choice, defended torture, opposed environmental protection, and seemed to care more about protecting the rich from taxes than liberating the poor from poverty or minorities from racism. They spoke against big government as if big was bad, yet they seemed to see big military and big business as inherently good. They wanted to protect unborn human life inside the womb, but didn't seem to care about born human life in slums or prisons or nations they considered enemies. They loved to paint gay people as a threat to marriage, seeming to miss the irony that heterosexual people were damaging marriage at a furious pace without any help from gay couples. They consistently relegated females to second-class status, often while covering up for their fellow males when they fell into scandal or committed criminal abuse. They interpreted the Bible to favor the government of Israel and to marginalize Palestinians, and even before September 11, 2001, I feared that through their influence Muslims were being cast as the new scapegoats, targets of a scary kind of religious inspired bigotry. (7)

I have no problem critiquing the uneasy marriage of evangelicals and the Republican Party, but no conservative Christian would recognize himself in McLaren's caricature. This description displays the same emotional badgering and intellectual bankruptcy that we find today in those on the right who think Obama is the anti-Christ and every liberal is a clandestine Bolshevik.

But McLaren writes like this all the time. For example, he describes those who haven't entered the "postmodern transition" as "institutional children of the era of Sir Isaac Netwon, the conquistadors, colonialism, the Enlightenment, nationalism and capitalism" (8). Really? Are we that bad? I don't think most people even know about the conquistadors, except maybe that they got trounced for a while on the tag-team circuit in the WWF.

And we haven't even gotten to his description of exclusivists who believe conscious faith in Jesus Christ is necessary for a saving relationship with God. These sort of people use John 14:6 like a "revolver" (212). They are "inherently anxious," "vulnerable to paranoia," and intent on ridding the world of everyone they disagree with (212-13). "Ultimately, then, your group is normative and belongs here; others are anomalies and don't belong. They don't really have the same right to exist that you do." Has anyone ever used John 14:6 to argue that non-Christians don't have a right to exist?

McLaren's not finished. He says that in this exclusivist mindset the only options are: (a) convert and eliminate otherness, (b) colonize and dominate, (c) ignore and exclude, (d) persecute and shame, or (e) cleanse the world through mass murder. I'm not making this up. You can find the breakdown on page 213. Why not say "Offer the bread of life that they might experience forgiveness of sin and enjoy God forever"? I can't tell if McLaren thinks he is describing actual people and positions or if the "them" for him are so heinous that he can't imagine describing them in any other way. Either way, the demonizing hardly invites ongoing dialogue.

Problem 2: Internal Inconsistencies

As the book unfolded, I felt like I was watching the inner struggle between good cop McLaren and bad cop. He starts out by saying he only wants to ask questions not make statements (18). But then he often makes statements like "this much is unmistakably clear…" (54). So he is on a quest or has he arrived? He is asking questions or making declarations?

Similarly, McLaren starts and ends the book with a conciliatory tone, urging his followers to be respectful and avoid controversy. Even though McLaren sees himself as farther along on the quest, he argues that every rung on the ladder is good because they all lead upward (237). He is careful not to portray himself as having it all figured out and everyone before him as benighted fools (27). This is good cop McLaren.

But then in the middle of the book there is a whole lot of bad cop, so much so that it is hard to really believe he thinks evangelical theology is anything other than oppressive barbarism. People who read Genesis in the traditional way have been "brainwashed." The God of evangelicalism is the "dread cosmic dictator of the six-line Greco-Roman framework" (48). This deity--the one that saves sinners from the fall and punishes unbelievers in hell--"is an idol, a damnable idol" (65). We have a "tribal and violent God, a rather flattened view of Jesus, and a domesticated understanding of the gospel" (161). We worship an "ugly" God (102), McLaren explains, and our exclusivism makes him "want to cry, groan, or scream" (223).

At times, McLaren talks like all he wants is a chance to explore his theology in peace. He doesn't mind us doing our thing, so let him do his. But 200 pages of the book tell a different story. Our view of God is, in his mind, dreadfully, tragically wrong. Of course, he is free to form his own opinions, whether I like them or not. I just wish he didn't try to claim the high "I'm not judging you" ground. Mild-mannered McLaren knows how to go for the jugular.

Problem 3: Insistence on a Borrowed Story Line

Almost everything in the book depends on the assertion that the traditional biblical story line is a Greco-Roman perversion. And almost no argument in the book is less well-founded.

McLaren asserts that the six line Greco-Roman narrative (Eden, fall, condemnation, salvation, heaven, hell) is to blame for just about everything that's ever gone wrong in the church and in the Western world in general. Thankfully, McLaren says, this isn't the biblical story line at all. This is merely a parody of the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle. They too had a six-line story: platonic ideal/being, fall into cave of illusion, Aristotelian real/becoming, salvation, Platonic ideal, Greek hades. So, as you can see the story we've been telling is nothing but an unwitting copycat of the Greeks.

I don't know where to even begin with such a tangled mess of assumptions. Would any Plato or Aristotle scholar sum up their thought like this, much less mash the two philosophers together? And would anyone in the Greco-Roman world have articulated their worldview in this way? McLaren never proves this. Nor does he ever demonstrate, even if this was the story, how the Christians stole it, other than saying baldly that we did. McLaren's six-line Greco-Roman story looks like something you come up with after one semester of Western Philosophy.

It gets worse. McLaren goes on to pit the Jewish Elohim versus the Greek Theos. Bad Theos, unlike the good Elohim, is the Platonic god who "loves spirit, state, and being and hates matter, story, and becoming" (42). So, argues McLaren, when we talk about the Fall we are on an unconscious level using the Greco-Roman story and reliving its fears of becoming (43). This is so bizarre as to make a response nearly impossible. How do we argue against something we are all doing unconsciously even though no one in our churches has ever heard of this, can make sense of it, or has any inclination for it? Not to mention that you'll find no responsible theologian in the evangelical world who thinks in the dualistic categories McLaren supposes.

What you can find, however, is a lot of process theologians from the last century thinking in the categories McLaren does. For all the deconstruction of the supposed Greco-Roman myth, McLaren is the one, in the end, who fails to escape his own intellectual biases.

Problem 4: An Evolutionary Lens

Refuting the alleged Greco-Roman narrative is the first step in McLaren's attempt to bury old Christianity. The second step is seeing religion through an evolutionary lens. This happens in a number of ways. For example, McLaren appropriates Harvey Cox's story of progression which goes from the Age of Faith (marked by vitality and fruitfulness) to the Age of Belief (marked by control and the persecution of heretics) to the Age of the Spirit (where a new faith for the twenty-first century is born). I'll give you one guess where McLaren thinks we are and where we need to go.

In the book's conclusion, McLaren employs another evolutionary model. This time our religious quest moves through seven stages: survival, security, power, independence, individuality, honesty, and ubuntu (an African word for peace). McLaren and his followers are traveling in the honesty stage (because they question current systems), while the rest of us are stuck somewhere back down the road. To be fair, McLaren bends over backward not to sound haughty about this. But the fact remains: he considers our emphasis on personal salvation, systematic theology, and divine sovereignty to be less enlightened and less evolved (233).

Most troubling, McLaren uses the evolutionary model to discount parts of the Bible he doesn't like. Though God himself has not changed, he argues, our ancestors' understandings of God have matured. In particular, we see in Scripture the evolution of God's uniqueness, ethics, universality, agency, and character. This approach to Scripture allows McLaren to dismiss a story like the Flood, which he finds "profoundly disturbing." He cannot "defend the view of God in the Noah story as morally acceptable, ethically satisfying, and theologically mature" (110). But he doesn't have to defend it because in our stage of maturity, McLaren claims, we now know God is not blood-thirsty, capricious, and vengeful. In fact, the story of baby Moses floating helplessly down the Nile suggests that people were beginning to understand that God identified with the weak and is no longer to be thought of as a might potentate (110).

There are too many problems here to even mention: 1) God kills all firstborn sons of the Egyptians a few chapters later, so how is he no longer a mighty potentate? 2) Come to think of it, God pours out his wrath in almost every book of the Bible after this, including the very last one. 3) Jesus and the apostles quote from the Old Testament indiscriminately, without any hint that they considered some parts of God's revelation more evolved than others. 4) How does the evolutionary hypothesis account for repeated references to God's longsuffering love and mercy in the Old Testament? The "good" God is in the Bible from start to finish, right alongside the "bad" God. 5) No first century Jew, including Jesus himself-Jesus of the "don't erase a jot or tittle"-would have tolerated such an approach to Holy Scripture. When McLaren can say with a straight face that the Jews did not tolerate idols because "idols freeze one's understanding of God in stone" (111) the shark has been officially jumped. This is not even an attempt to understand the Bible on its own terms. With the evolutionary lens, McLaren has simply created a one-sided cartoon God who looks and behaves as he wants him to. The spirit of Marcion lives on.

Problem 5: Baffled By the Bible

I haven't said much about McLaren's doctrine of Scripture because he doesn't say much he hasn't said before. He thinks the Bible is very special and has a unique role. But he does not think it is internally consistent nor the word of God (81). It is inspired in the sense that is inspires (83). It is not to be read as a legal constitution but as a community library. God's revelation happens as we enter the text together (91). We've heard these sorts of arguments before and tried to address them in Why We're Not Emergent. D.A Carson and Michael Wittmer did so as well.

But one new idea deserves brief mention. McLaren employs the book of Job in defense of his community library metaphor. Job, you'll recall, has long speeches by Job, his "friends," and finally God. So, McLaren asks, how can all of these speeches be the very words of God? They don't even agree with each other, so how do we make sense of Job? If we read the Bible as a constitution, McLaren posits, there's no easy answer to this dilemma. Actually there is. We simply understand the book as a whole. Does McLaren the former English teacher really think he's got traditionalists on the ropes here? It is not hard to understand that in a book like Job with competing speeches the point of the story is not necessarily found in what each character offers as advice. Every word is the word of God. But the applicability of these words is determined by the context and their role in the larger narrative. Or does McLaren really get confused and wonder if he should listen to Herod and Pilate just because the gospel writers quote them?

Problem 6: The Liberal Lens

Sincere evangelical Christians can disagree on politics. A few issues are clear matters of right and wrong. But most political issues call for prudential judgments. So the fact that McLaren is a political liberal does not make him un-Christian in any way. But when his liberal political beliefs equal Christianity (at least the new kind), that's a problem.

For McLaren the peaceable kingdom is all about left-wing causes: nuclear weapons engineers being redeployed into green energy, health care coverage for all, attention to the growing ecological crisis (63, 68). In one section, McLaren envisions a more enlightened world in the future, a kind of shalom-utopia, where all conflicts are negotiated peacefully, people no longer eat meat, and we don't use fossil fuels (106). The real important issues for God's people include: global climate change, peak oil prices, endangered species, sustainable economies, Muslim claims to the Temple Mount, and justice for non-Jews in Israel.

McLaren's politics are nothing if not apoplectic. Describing from the future what transpired through our use of fossil fuels, McLaren writes "They felt their personal comfort, convenience, and transportation needs justified toxifying the planet and throwing the climate into imbalance, which as we all know resulted in billions of deaths and millions of extinctions" (107). Elsewhere he laments that we've burned the rainforest, covered the earth with cement, and created enclaves of prosperity while leaving most of the world behind in deprivation (231-32). The kingdom is a left-wing political kingdom. Pacifists, vegans, and apocalyptic climatologists are almost certainly walking in the way of Jesus. Meat-eating, pro-Israel, just war, petroleum engineers probably aren't.

McLaren is not a moral relativist who thinks anything goes. He does not believe every belief about God is fine as long as it's sincere (208). He very definitely believes there are right ways and wrong ways to live. The right way just happens always to be on the left.

Problem 7: A Barn Full of Strawmen

McLaren excels at knocking down arguments no one holds. So again we learn that the Bible is not a divinely dictated science textbook (68) and that God is not a puppet master or divine chess master or a machine operator pulling levers (196). One can't help but wonder if McLaren has ever read an evangelical treatment on the inspiration of Scripture or a Reformed work on divine sovereignty. These caricatures have been put to rest numerous times and for hundreds of years. If McLaren doesn't know better, he should.

The best/worst strawmen are found in the field of history. Although the footnotes occasionally provide a little nuance, McLaren's general approach to history is to move from hyperbole to generality to indictment. So the history of the Western world is: slavery, anti-Semitism, colonialism, genocide, chauvinism, homophobia, environmental plunder, the Inquisition, witch burning, and apartheid. To make matters worse, this list is the product of a constitutional understanding of the Bible and/or the Greco-Roman storyline (85). The age of Christendom is never told as the story of sacrifice, cultural advancement, scientific breakthrough, artistic excellence, and moral uplift. It is, for McLaren, always about the extinction of native peoples, the subordination of women, sending six million Jews to the ovens, and dropping atomic bombs (231).

McLaren's strawman view of history is essential to his theology and ethics. The past, as he sees it, has been a huge disaster of hate and oppression. This past is due in large part to the wrong kind of Christianity. We will keep repeating these mistakes unless we get a new kind of Christianity (19). Hyperbole to generality to indictment.

Problem 8: Missing the Trees for the Forest

To his credit, McLaren includes a lot of Scripture in his argument. He even deals with specific passages and walks through different books of the Bible. This is good. The problem: McLaren hovers above the text with one eye closed and blinders on.

Genesis, for McLaren, is about how blessing triumphs. It's about human foolishness and divine faithfulness. It's not about what he calls the six-line Greco-Roman story line (54). But McLaren does not deal with the flood, the curses of the Abrahamic promise, God's sovereignty in choosing the patriarchs, or even mentioned the covenants. He's after a general theme and doesn't want to be bothered by the particulars that could upset his thesis.

Similarly, McLaren concludes Exodus is about God getting involved with and siding with the oppressed, the vulnerable, the downtrodden, working for their liberation (57). All that is true, but McLaren admits to skipping over "a hundred fascinating--and at times troubling--details" (57). He doesn't mention the Israelites are liberated so they can worship the one true God, or that God reveals himself as a jealous God, or that God's hardens Pharaoh's heart for his own glory. For McLaren, Exodus is about liberation. That's all.

Time after time, McLaren gives the illusion of dealing scrupulously with the text, but in actuality he is skating across the surface. So you don't hear McLaren talk about the essential role faith, even propositional faith, plays in the gospels (Mark 1:15; John 8:24; 20:31). You don't hear him talk about the keys that open or close access to the kingdom (Matt. 16:19), or the curses Jesus utters (Matt. 23; 11:21-24), or the parables of judgment (Matt. 25), or the fact that Jesus explicitly mentions outsiders (Mark 4:11) and teaches repeatedly that some get in and some don't (Matt. 7:12-27).

McLaren will talk at length about 1 Corinthians and how the aim of the church is love. But you don't hear him deal with church discipline in chapter 5, or the centrality of the resurrection in chapter 15, or Christ as a stumbling block in chapter 1, or the command to flee sexual immorality in chapter 6, or the warnings against idolatry in chapter 10.

McLaren can give a passable synopsis of Romans, but then when you dig into the text you realize he's putting Paul's letters into McLaren Categories. Thus, the new life in Christ is not about personal holiness but living as agents of God's restorative justice (150). Romans 14-16 means don't judge on another because love is the only universal policy (155). Paul's anguish over his hell-bound kinsmen becomes a sadness that they are "not experiencing the 'no condemnation and no separation' of the kingdom of God (152, emphasis mine). Divine predestination and reprobation in chapter 9 tails off by suggesting Paul wasn't completely comfortable with his own solution.

The devil's in the details, and there are a lot of details McLaren misses. He argues that Revelation 21-22 gives a beautiful picture of God's openness. There's no condemnation, he says, because the doors to the city are still open and the Spirit and the bride say "Come" (286). Has McLaren not read 21:8 where the wicked are assigned their portion in the lake that burns with fire?

He uses Acts 17 and the sermon on Mars Hill to show that we are all God's children, with no "us" and "them" anymore. But he fails to mention that Paul was provoked in his spirit to the city full of idols, commanded the people to repent, and warned of a fixed day of coming judgment. And when McLaren takes apart John 14:6 bit by bit, trying to prove that this text has "absolutely nothing" to say about the pluralism question, he never considers that the purpose of John's gospel is to get people to believe in Jesus (John 20:31) and that Jesus himself often warns of the consequences of not believing in him (3:18, 36; 6:29, 53; 8:24).

The strangest bit of exegesis, however, is back in Genesis. I knew A New Kind of Christianity would be tough sledding for me when I heard the Fall described as "a classic coming-of-age story, filled with ambivalence--a childhood lost, an adulthood gained" (51). Never mind the descent into sin that unfolds in Genesis 4-11, never mind Romans 5:12-21, never mind Ephesians 2:1-3, never mind the curses and banishment from the garden, the Fall is really "the first stage of ascent as human beings progress from the life of hunter-gatherers to the life of agriculturalists and beyond" (50). To be fair, McLaren acknowledges the presence of sin in the world, but in his theology there is no Fall, no original sin, no inherited guilt. Genesis 3 is about a loss of innocence and a journey into maturity. With this interpretation as the first building block, it's no wonder McLaren's theology is optimistic about human potential for doing the right thing and devoid of any notion of substitutionary atonement. When sin is "ultimately a refusal to grow" and not ultimately an offense against God, you're going to wind up with a new kind of Christianity (238).

Problem 9: Canon Within a Canon

McLaren believes strongly that Jesus Christ is the center of biblical revelation, the hinge on which all else turns. This is obviously true, but not in the way McLaren understands it. It's true that all Scripture points to Christ and that God reveals himself to us fully and finally in Christ, but this does not mean the gospels trump other parts of the Bible. But this is what the centrality of Christ means in McLaren's interpretive grid. Therefore, exclusivism and hell, even if they pop up in parts of Revelation, can't be accepted because that's not the type of God McLaren thinks we see in Christ in the gospels (115, 118).

McLaren spends the better part of one chapter countering Mark Driscoll's line about not wanting a Jesus he can beat up (he also takes on John MacArthur in a different chapter). Driscoll argues that in Revelation "Jesus is a prize fighter" who makes people bleed. Granted, this may not be the most felicitous turn of a phrase, but Driscoll is right: the Jesus of Revelation is a conquering warrior. According to McLaren, though, Revelation is "literature of the oppressed" and only means to remind the suffering church that the way of Jesus is the right way and will triumph (123-24). True, Revelation was an encouragement to the oppressed not to give up. But the encouragement was found in the assurance that faithful martyrs would be avenged (6:10). There's simply no way to make Revelation into a non-violent book with a non-violent Jesus. The wicked don't flee from the wrath of the Lamb because he wants to hug them (6:16).

Homosexuality provides another example of McLaren's canon within a canon. In addition to arguing that homosexuality is acceptable because the Ethiopian eunuch, the "sexually other," was baptized--a strange argument that presumes homoerotic behavior is no more a choice than physical castration--McLaren suggests: "If Jesus's life and example are simply textual data on equal par with Leviticus, and if Jesus can make no claim to be Lord and teach over Paul, then perhaps the conventional approach wins" (179). What a masterfully confounding sentence. Who wants to reduce Jesus' life and example to textual data? No one. And yet, all we know about Jesus' life and example comes from textual data. McLaren's choice is no choice at all. In both instances--with Leviticus and with the life of Jesus--we are dealing with divine self-disclosure in the pages of Scripture. To be sure, Christ shows us God more clearly than Leviticus, but the life of Jesus does not erase other books of the Bible.

Similarly, who doesn't think Jesus is Lord over Paul? But that's not the issue. The gospels do not matter more than other books. All of Scripture is breathed out by God (2 Tim. 3:16). More to the point, if McLaren wants to pit the apostolic teaching against the life of Jesus, he won't have anything left in the second column. Virtually everything we know about Jesus comes from the inspired apostolic testimony about him. Besides the promise of John 16:12-15 is that the Holy Spirit will come and lead the disciples into all truth. Jesus doesn't promise new kinds of Christianities two thousand years later. He promises that the Spirit will speak only what he hears and reveal the fullness of who Jesus was and what he accomplished.

One last comment on this business about a canon within the canon. McLaren's theology depends on cherrypicking the books and themes he likes best. Why develop your narrative of the Bible based on Genesis, Exodus, and Isaiah? Why not Genesis, Exodus, and Leviticus? Is it because Leviticus is about laws and holiness? Why not Deuteronomy, 1 Kings, and Jeremiah? At the very least, don't skip the second half of Exodus when it doesn't fit the paradigm, or the parts in Isaiah that speak of God's judgment and Christ's atonement for sins. And why is 1 Corinthians the model for the purpose of the church? 1 Corinthians a fine book, but why not Ephesians or something from the Pastoral Epistles or Hebrews? It's hard not to conclude that although McLaren makes an effort to find chapters to prove his points, he's not terribly concerned to take the whole counsel of Scripture into account.

Problem 10: No End In Sight

McLaren rejects a linear view of history. He does not believe in a single fixed end point (194). He does not hold to a "soul-sort" theology where some people go to heaven and some people go to hell (195). He does not believe "eternal life" refers to life that is eternal. He does not believe in future condemnation. At the final "evaluation" we can be sure God will not open our brains to look for certain beliefs. What he will do is look for signs of Christlikeness. Lest this sound like a frightening ordeal, McLaren assures us the part of a person's life worth remembering will be saved and raised to a new beginning, while all that is unloving will be burned away and forgotten (204). Although we can refuse to participate in the kingdom now, we trust that God's grace will prove more durable than our stupidity (201). In the end those opposed to God in this life will not be condemned but gently converted until God will be all in all, and all shall be well, and all manner of things shall be well (205).

At this point, the old kind of Christian realizes he and the new kind of Christian do not share the same Christianity. We can quote verses like John 5:29 where Jesus says those who have done evil will go to the resurrection of judgment. We can remind folks that Paul talked of a "fixed day" of judgment in Acts 17 and that Jesus will come again in the same way he went into heaven (Acts 1:11). We can point out that McLaren's view on "eternal life" and a tame final "evaluation" would have been bizarre to early church fathers, even those untainted by Augustine's supposed corruption. We can reference verse after verse about wrath or judgment or the lake of fire and point out that the Jewish God was a jealous God who demanded universal worship and obedience. We can do all this and more and we'll still be talking past each other. Call it Greco-Roman, blame Constantine or the Enlightenment, find a canon within a canon, or resort to an evolutionary approach--if you want to find a way to rid the Bible of the uncomfortable parts of wrath and judgment, you'll find a way.

Conclusion: We’ve Seen This Before

Well, 6000 words later, what is possibly left to say? Hopefully not much. It would not sadden me in the least if I never talked or wrote about the emergent movement again. I don't think any of us will be talking about the "great emergence" twenty years hence, let alone a hundred. All that remains is to highlight one final irony.

For all the talk of being new (xi) and at the same time ancient (255), McLarenism is neither. It is old fashioned liberalism. McLaren, despite his historical plundering, has no right to claim he is in tradition of Martin Luther because he finds "sustaining inner strength," or in the tradition of the Wesleys because "our hearts can be 'strangely warmed'" (227). This is like saying I'm in the tradition of Ignatius because I have strong convictions. It doesn't work. McLaren stands in the tradition of Ritschl, Harnack, Rauschenbush, and Whitehead, plain and simple.

In their book 20th-Century Theology, Grenz and Olson, no rabid fundamentalists they, describe classic liberalism in five points:

1. Liberals believe doctrine needs to develop to meet the needs of contemporary thought.

2. Liberals emphasize the need to reconstruct traditional beliefs and reject the authority of tradition and church hierarchy.

3. Liberals focus on the practical and ethical dimensions of Christianity.

4. Liberals seek to base theology on something other than the absolute authority of the Bible.

5) Liberals drift toward divine immanence at the expense of transcendence.

McLaren fits each of these points like a glove. H. Richard Niebuhr's famous description of liberalism has not lost its relevance: "A God without wrath brought men without sin into a kingdom without judgment through the ministrations of Christ without a cross."

The message of McLarenism is pretty simple: God is love and wants everyone to be kind and inclusive and care for the poor and the environment. This is what Jesus was like, and we should be like Jesus. This is, of course, not wrong in so far as it goes. The Liberal/McLaren emphasis on the kingdom is right, their concern for the "other" is right, much of their ethics is right. But McLarenism, like liberalism, cannot be right. It has its emphases all out of proportion, its right statements thrown out of whack by all that is missing. In McLarenism there is no original sin, no wrath, no hell, no creation-fall-redemption, no definite future, no second coming that I can see, no clear statement on the deity of Christ, no mention of vicarious substitution or God's holiness or divine sovereignty, no ethical demands except as they relate to being kind to others, no God-offendedness, no doctrine of justification, no unchanging apostolic deposit of truth, no absolute submission to the word of God, nary a mention of faith and worship, no doctrine of regeneration, no evangelistic impulse to save the lost, and nothing about God's passion for his glory. This is surely a lot to leave out.

McLaren's Christianity is not new and certainly not improved. I don't believe you can even call it Christianity. It is liberalism dressed up for the 21st century. We can only hope this wave of liberalism fades as dramatically as did the last.

Here’s a PDF of the full review: Christianity and McLarenism

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96 thoughts on “Christianity and McLarenism (2)”

  1. donsands says:

    (it isn’t deep). -CT

    It is to me. I think I sort of get you, but as I think on your words, I simply don’t get it. Sorry.

  2. Derek Ashton says:


    Your argument is a non-sequiter. No one here has made the points you are arguing against. You’re putting words in their mouths and then accusing them on the basis of those words.

    The assumption that there is such a thing as sound doctrine, and that there is such a thing as damnable heresy, was fundamental in the minds of the apostles who wrote the New Testament (See Galatians, 2 Peter, Jude, Hebrews, 1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, etc). This belief did not ruin dialog, but in fact created a great deal of it. For example, the dialog between Paul and the philosophers on Mars Hill in Acts 17. Some of them thought Paul was crazy, but some believed his message and wanted to hear more. That’s the pattern when sound, Biblical doctrine is proclaimed. Paul’s belief in eternal judgment and sound doctrine did not stop those philosophers from hearing him.

    Please consider that you may be projecting your own thoughts onto Kevin and the commenters here.

  3. Glenn says:


    nope. i’m not one to say whether mclaren himself is in or out, but i do not base my criteria for who goes to hell on “hypothesis.” a hypothesis is an educated guess, and i can only pray that is not the definition you prefer to give the Holy Scriptures, which provides a basis for knowing whether one is heaven or hell-bound. mclaren’s use of the Scriptures to substantiate his own heretical theology that denies original sin, man’s fallen nature, the need for substitutionary atonement, the existence of hell, etc. is ignorance and deadly and his “new Christianity” is certainly capable of landing well-intentioned folks in hell.

    i’m also unsure of your use of reason, here. i would certainly argue that the historic Christian faith is reasonable (rational?). but people don’t go to hell for the sole reason that Christ died for their sins and they have accepted Him as their Lord and Savior; one could hold a number of different beliefs, all the while believing they were reasonable, and still go to hell if he doesn’t know Christ.

    mclaren is the one being unreasonable here. cherry-picking information to back up one’s arguments and demonizing one’s opponent are not ingredients of “conversation.” in the end, though, mclaren’s arguments don’t have to be cohesive or coherent; they simply have to be able to incite a response, and preferably the kind that he can label as derogatory or hateful when in fact they are much more concerned with pointing out his errors in love.

  4. Walter Schroedter says:

    It is probably a blessing that Brian M. has come out of the closet the way he has. He has probably lost his role as the “Martin Luther” of the movement, as many will find it hard to follow him down this path.

    Nevertheless, it is unlikely that this is the last that we will hear from the emergents. The emphasis on ancient practices and the contemplative will become the new foundation of authority and will eventually blend in “nicely” with the New Age and beyond that with the mystical components in other religions.

    Traditional Evangelicalism can expect to see mounting opposition to itself and a growing increase in opposition leading to persecution.


  5. CT says:

    Derek Ashton,

    I suspect you are missing the larger context here. The relevant accusation against McClaren is that he is obstructing real dialogue by demonizing the Traditionalists. I provide an argument that shows that, insofar as the Traditionalists think that what is at stake in all of this is a person’s eternal soul, the fundamental obstruction to real dialogue may originate with them.

    To see this, first consider the set-up argument:

    (1) A person will go to hell for subscribing to McClaren’s beliefs.

    (2) A person won’t go to hell for subscribing to a set of beliefs, so long as such is done reasonably.

    (3) Therefore, McClaren and his followers are not being reasonable.

    (3) follows deductively from (1) and (2). We get (1) by hypothesis. We get (2) insofar as it would be unjust to make a person suffer for all of eternity on the basis of his/her beliefs, when such beliefs were reasonably adopted and maintained.

    Now why is this relevant? Well, if you adopt the hypothesis (1), then you are committed to the idea that McClaren is being unreasonable. It is this commitment that obstructs real dialogue. After all, what sort of real dialogue can you have with a person whom you are already committed to viewing as unreasonable?

    But perhaps you think that none of the Traditialists here subscribe to (1). Then do you also deny that what’s at stake in all of this is the eternal welfare of souls?

  6. CT says:


    What part, exactly, do you not understand? Do you understand what I called the “set-up argument” in my reply to Derek Ashton above? If not, is there a line in that argument do you find confusing? Or, is there confusion over how (3) follows from (1) and (2)? Or is it something else?

  7. donsands says:

    I never was good with hypothesis’.
    You lost me CT. But I’ll have a friend read your argument, and perhaps he can help me grab a handle.

  8. There is very much possibility of another Charles Taze Russell- Jehovah Witnessess founder, or Joseph Smith – Mormonism founder or William Miller- Seventh Day Adventist father of faith, or John Thomas-Christadelphian founder, and many other false teachers of the past have revived in the Brian M who is I see a mix of all, and no doubt that another fake sect of Christianity has already been formed.My prayer is that many people get to know Jesus Christ as the only way to God, and Bible as the only infallible inspired Word of God.
    Pastor Kevin thanks for being a prophetic voice and warning people for these false teachers.

  9. Bob says:

    CT gets the McClairambiguity award. Doing what DeYoung describes of McLaren, that is protesting arguments no one of his critis are actually making. weird. It’s probably me. I’m jsut an accountant.

  10. CT says:

    Bob, Glenn, and Donsands,

    McLaren is denounced by the Kevin DeYoung and his readers as a “false teacher” and a “heretic”. One reader calls McLaren’s teachings “antichrist”.

    All this rests a bit uneasily with DeYoung’s complaint that McLaren is “demonizing” his targets, thereby obstructing ongoing dialogue, especially if DeYoung espouses the traditional views of false teachers and heretics. Does he? I raised this question above in asking whether or not folks believe that McLaren would burn in hell should he maintain his own stated views. If DeYoung and his followers answer “yes,” then they presumably also believe that McLaren deserves to suffer for all of eternity for maintaining and promulgating such views. Now if this doesn’t count as “demonizing,” then I’m not sure what would.

    But I’ve also offered an argument that shows why the fundamental obstruction to real dialogue may lay with DeYoung and crew. The basic idea is this: Insofar as one believes that McLaren would go to hell for believing what he writes, one is committed to the idea that McLaren is being unreasonable in maintaining those beliefs. (I sketch the argument for this claim in my reply to Derek Ashton above, which you should read if you intend to assess its truth.) Now, if one is already committed to viewing McLaren as unreasonable, then this is what will obstruct real dialogue. So, the question you might ask yourself is this: is belief in what McLaren teaches compatible with the salvation of one’s soul from hell? If your answer is “no” then you are likely to demonize McLaren, you’ll find yourself committed to viewing McLaren as unreasonable, and your own doctrinal commitments will obstruct real dialogue.

    I do not criticize anyone for the inability to have a real dialogue with McLaren. The problem is rather hypocrisy. As the apostle Paul might say, “When you accuse McLaren of demonizing his targets and obstructing dialogue, you condemns yourself, since you practice the same things.” Or, as Jesus might say, “You hypocrite, first remove the plank from your own eye!”

  11. Colin says:

    To CT,
    the question of does mclaren deserve to burn in hell is not the issue, for we all deserve hell. his teachings are heretical and misleading. he misses the whole point of the kingdom and why Jesus came. He doesn’t believe Jesus came to save us from eternal punishment; denies literal hell. Pretty much everything that is essential for being a Christian is denied or called into question without any Biblical answers. That’s a problem. By him going out this way, it seems from 1 John 2, that he was never of us. God didn’t take on humanity to help us with the environment, our politics, He took on flesh to be the sacrificial lamb who takes away the sin of the world.

  12. Bob says:

    Thank you for all you are doing here Kevin.
    May God bless your words.


  13. donsands says:

    “McLaren deserves to suffer for all of eternity for maintaining and promulgating such views.”

    Brian will be in hell for his transgressions and sins, everyone of them, unless he is in Christ.

    Jesus said, ““Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?’ And then will I declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.’”

    That’s a scary truth.

    How can one know if he is truly saved and forgiven, and is righteous in the eyes of a holy God, who hates sin and will judge each and every sin of every human ever born in this age and world?

    A sinner is saved by grace alone through faith alone in Christ Jesus alone. Jesus saves us, and it’s 100% His saving love and mercy. He gives us His Spirit, who witnesses to our soul that we are His children,
    He gives us a heart of flesh with love from the Spirit, and takes away our hard heart of self-love.

    I can have assurance that I am saved because of the Spirit and the Word, which is truth. Also, though I still sin in this life, I don’t feel good about sinning agianst Jesus Christ my Lord and Friend, even though I know He took all my sin upon His holy body. In fact, this is the reason I love the Lord, and seek to obey Him, because of the grace alone that saved me. And it’s His grace that saved me, and will take me home!

    I know this is a little rabbit path, but I had this on my heart this morning.

    Lord bless.

  14. Glenn says:


    you are still suggesting that we are wronging mclaren by holding him to orthodox doctrinal standards. when he dismisses hell and sin and mangles the true mission of Christ here on earth, it is not my doctrinal convictions which rebuke him; God’s Word is the One that rebukes him. our point is that mclaren doesn’t teach/promote the right truths about God that get people to heaven, and instead replaces true Christianity with watered down socialistic liberal gospel crap that feels/looks good for a season but then burns away when tested by fire. i am concerned for mclaren and his soul, as i am many others, and it is not hypocritical for true followers of Christ to call out promoters of heresy for denying the faith. yeah, i’ve got my own sins that i battle, but they’ve been forgiven by Christ; i have a hard time believing Christ would rebuke those who were confronting heresy against Him.

    bottom line, mclaren himself is not even capable of carrrying on a dialogue like the one you’ve proposed, because he certainly has ideas and notions about the Bible that he seems unwilling to relent. the only thing that separates us from him is that he claims to come to the dialogue “table” empty-handed, whereas we openly admit that our right thoughts about Christ drive our arguments.

  15. CT says:


    The issue is whether Kevin DeYoung is hypocritically accusing McLaren of demonizing his targets and obstructing dialogue.

    Consider first the obstruction of dialogue point: If, given McLaren’s non-Traditionalists views, DeYoung is thereby committed to viewing McLaren as unreasonable, then this is will inevitably obstruct dialogue. After all, what kind of dialogue does one have with a person whom you are convinced is unreasonable? If, moreover, such an obstruction to dialogue originates with DeYoung, then it’s a bit hypocritical for DeYoung to accuse McLaren of the same.

    As I argue in my reply to Derek Ashton above, DeYoung is committed to viewing McLaren as unreasonable so long as DeYoung views McLaren’s teachings as incompatible with saving faith, which is another way to say that it matters whether DeYoung (or his followers) think that McLaren would go to hell for believing such things.

  16. kevin s. says:


    By your definition, no evangelical Christian can have any sort of reasonable dialogue with a false teacher. Examining the implications of one’s worldview is not the same as demonizing, and certainly isn’t unreasonable.

    I don’t see any evidence of a commitment to view McLaren as unreasonable. Rather, McLaren demonstrates himself to be so when he accuses Christians of embracing a narrative of ethnic cleansing and genocide. You are conflating a priori and a posteriori argumentation.

    If McLaren simply wrote a book suggesting that those who hold an orthodox view of Christianity are false teachers, DeYoung would not accuse him of demonizing or circumventing dialogue.

  17. CT says:

    Kevin S.,

    With a few caveats, I’d say you’re making an important observation. Two of these caveats are crucial:

    First, my criticism is not (merely) that DeYoung must view McLaren as unreasonable; my criticism is that DeYoung is, very likely, being a hypocrite. I’ll say it again: DeYoung should not criticize McLaren for demonizing and obstructing dialogue without acknowledging that these problems really originate from his side.

    Second, it’s not my “definitions” that lead to this conclusion; it’s rather sound argument. (What other kind of “evidence”, by the way, were you looking for?) Also, the soundness of the argument doesn’t depend on particulary narrow definitions. (To view the argument, see my reply to Derek Ashton above.)

  18. Dan says:

    CT, two flaws.

    1) “We get (2) insofar as it would be unjust to make a person suffer for all of eternity on the basis of his/her beliefs, when such beliefs were reasonably adopted and maintained.” Christianity and salvation aren’t based on what we think is reasonable, they are based, Biblically, on trusting Jesus as your Lord and Savior. So your initial argument is off.

    2) Mr. Deyoung’s criticisms of Mr. Mclaren’s doctrines have a Biblical basis. Mr. Mclaren’s arguments against modern evangelicalism have some validity around the edges but on the whole are caricatures. Key difference here.

    Let’s put this in perspective:
    a) Mr Mclaren: I’m a Christian but everyone else has been wrong.
    b) Mr Deyoung: Mr. Mclaren is a heretic as defined by historic Christianity (that’s Biblically sound, but I’ll leave you to research that).
    c) CT (on behalf of Mr. Mclaren): Mr. Deyoung is hypocrite for saying this. Calling Mr. Mclaren a heretic obstructs dialogue, so this is all really his fault.

    That about right?

    Problem: Historically, by the common use of the word, Mr. Mclaren actually is a heretic. You can argue the point, I guess, but like it or not words have a historical meaning. You can’t get mad at Mr. Deyoung for accurately applying a word based on what it historically means. Or you can, but it’s pretty unreasonable.

  19. CT says:


    In your first objection, you apparently commit yourself to the following claim:

    It is just to make a person suffer for all of eternity on the basis of his/her beliefs, even if the person is acting entirely reasonably in holding those beliefs.

    That’s what many will call “biting the bullet.” But, if you are comfortable with that, there’s not a lot more to say, except to observe that it is presumably barbaric and implausible ideas like this which McLaren is attempting, quite understandably, to avoid.

    Your second objection is confused. DeYoung is not a hypocrite for arguing that McLaren is a heretic; DeYoung’s hypocrisy lies rather in the fact that, in accusing McLaren of demonizing his targets and obstructing dialogue, DeYoung fails to acknowledge that he is guilty of doing the same. (The other options are that DeYoung is irrational, blind, or heretical.)

  20. CT says:

    I’m sorry, the last comment should be addressed to Dan, not Bob.

  21. kevin s. says:

    “First, my criticism is not (merely) that DeYoung must view McLaren as unreasonable; my criticism is that DeYoung is, very likely, being a hypocrite.”

    I refuted that criticism. DeYoung simply isn’t demonizing McLaren, by any definition of the word. Demonizing is nt synonymous with criticism.

    “Second, it’s not my “definitions” that lead to this conclusion; it’s rather sound argument.”

    Fine. Your “argument” is unsound insofar as it precludes any orthodox Christian from debating the beliefs of a someone who is not an orthodox Christian.

    Further, if:

    1) It is true that those who do not repent and embrace Christ’s life-saving grace go to hell.


    2) Identifying someone as hell bound constitutes demonizing.


    3) Truth is, by definition, demonizing.

    Your charge against DeYoung is only coherent if we assume that it can’t possibly be true that non-believers go to hell. Otherwise, you are asking Christians to deny their faith when debating non-Christians, which is not a reasonable request.

    “(What other kind of “evidence”, by the way, were you looking for?)”

    Anything DeYoung has said here that implies he rendered judgment on the book prior to having read it, and on McLaren prior to being familiar with his work.

    “(To view the argument, see my reply to Derek Ashton above.)”

    I saw the reply. Your first assumption is incorrect in because DeYoung did not arrive at this book with the conclusion that those who follow McLaren are hell bound. He is deducing it from the text.

    DeYoung is showing examples of heretical teaching, and labelling it as heretical. McLaren is imputing his own impressions upon those with whom he disagrees.

    DeYoung is making a judgment based on McLaren’s writing. McLaren is making a judgment based on assumptions. The former is analysis, the latter is conjecture.

    Analysis is not the same as conjecture. They are not synonymous. They have different roots and etymology.

    A hypocrite is someone who acts in a manner that opposes his stated beliefs. It is not someone who acts in a manner that opposes beliefs he does not hold.

    Since analysis and conjecture are two different things, DeYoung is not being hypocritical.

  22. Kevin,

    I know that this review took a very long time and that you have many other responsibilities. As a fellow young pastor, I want to personally thank you for helping our generation stay connected to orthodox theology. I believe that without orthodox theology, our missiological engagement will die or produce cults. For the sake of Christ and His mission, keep up the good fight.


  23. CT says:

    Kevin S,

    To put my point another way, there presumably are Christians who straightforwardly acknowledge that their own religious beliefs prevent them from entering into real dialogue with others who don’t share their beliefs. Such Christians might even acknowledge that their own religious views require them to view those who disagree as unreasonable. DeYoung has this option; hence, there is no necessity to his hypocrisy.

    Moreover, let’s distinguish “demonizing” from “obstructing dialogue”. I’ve given why DeYoung is guilty of hypocrisy on both counts, but the argument you’re focusing on regards the latter. So let’s keep the focus there, at least for now. That is, let’s focus on the argument I gave in my reply to Derek Ashton above.

    Moreover, my argument excludes no one from debate. What it rather shows is that, if you are a person already committed to certain beliefs, then such beliefs will commit you to certain other things. That’s a point about rationality. What’s important to notice is that such points about rationality do not depend on the truth or falsity of the beliefs in question. Thus, my arguments do not depend on whether or not McLaren’s ideas really are incompatible with saving faith.

    The point, again, is about hypocrisy. Kevin DeYoung should not accuse McLaren of obstructing dialogue when DeYoung is guilty of the same. This is true even if that obstruction is rooted in DeYoung’s own theology.

  24. rey says:

    “The spirit of Marcion lives on.”

    Marcion wouldn’t have put up with homosexuality like McLaren. Marcion separated between the OT god and the Father of Jesus Christ as the Better God, but he did so due to the lower morality of the OT god who commanded genocide and allowed things like polygammy (and even commanded child-rape in Numbers 31 where he tells the Jews to kill all the Midianites “but save the young girls for yourselves!”). Marcionism was a MORAL movement, not a crazy postmodernist “don’t judge anyone” movement.

  25. kevin s. says:

    “To put my point another way, there presumably are Christians who straightforwardly acknowledge that their own religious beliefs prevent them from entering into real dialogue with others who don’t share their beliefs.”

    Presumably, there are Christians who eat nine moon pies per day, but there certainly aren’t very many, and I have yet to meet a single one.

    Your argument is that Christianity is inherently demonizing or obstructing, and that this somehow permits those take issue with the religion to accuse its adherents of genocide (or, really, anything). I have no reason to believe this is true, and you have offered none.

    If I believe murderers get the death penalty in Texas, am I obstructing dialogue when I debate a wannabe murderer who (erroneously) thinks they do not? I mean, the electric chair is a lousy fate. By virtue of its lousiness, is its existence something that cannot be part of dialogue?

    If so, then your definition of dialogue renders it utterly frivolous, an empty intellectual game. If something is frivolous, then it really should matter whether one exhibits hypocrisy in discussing it. If I claim to love Snickers bars, but always buy Skittles, I might be a hypocrite, but why would you waste the time putting the accusation to print?

  26. Dan says:


    Are you a Christian? If so, are there any “reasonable” beliefs outside of Biblical Christianity that you believe will save someone eternally?

    And if not, I guess what’s your angle here? I mean, why do you even care?

  27. rey says:

    “Moreover, my argument excludes no one from debate.”

    To me, once you argue that there’s nothing wrong with homosexuality, you are excluded from the debate because you are simply not rational.

    I have no problem with a belief that much of the Old Testament (particularly the genocidal conquest stuff and the ceremonial law) is not from God Himself but from ‘lower god’ or a fallen angel as Marcion claims (I even think John means this in John 1:18 and Paul in Colossians 2:14-20 and Jesus in Matthew 11:27) but once someone argues that we should accept homosexuality as just fine, they’ve lost all credibility with me. Marcion I can tolerate and even look up to, but McLaren is a heretic.

  28. CT says:


    You ask, “why do you even care?”

    First, some “Traditionalist” Christians are committed to thinking that anyone who disagrees with them about Jesus or the gospel is not only mistaken but unreasonable. That commitment is naturally going to obstruct dialogue. It’s something we all ought to be aware of.

    Secondly, among those Traditionalists who are committed to the above view are also hypocrites. These hypocrites accuse others of obstructing dialogue (thus acknowledging that it is a problem), while failing to acknowledge that they are guilty of the same.

    Thirdly, among the hypocrites who obstruct dialogue, there are some with a lot of influence. These influential hypocrites become an unfortunate kind of role model, reproducing hypocrites and obstructors of dialogue. And that’s something to be concerned about, whether or not you are a Christian.

  29. Dan says:

    Ah. Well, if saying the Bible makes a truth claim on your life means that I am, in your view, obstructing dialogue, then so be it.

  30. CT says:

    Kevin S, donsands, Glenn, et al.,

    Let’s try to make the central point crystal clear.

    Here’s what Kevin DeYoung could do but hasn’t. He could acknowledge, from the outset, that his own religious views commit him in two ways:

    (a) He must regard McLaren as not only mistaken, but as unreasonable.

    (b) He must regard McLaren’s teachings as not only mistaken, but as constituting a sufficient basis for making him suffer for all of eternity.

    Now why might DeYoung fail to acknowledge these two things? Well, it might be that DeYoung realizes that commitment (a) obviously obstructs real dialogue (after all, what kind of dialogue can you have with a person you regard as unreasonable?). It might also be that DeYoung realizes that commitment (b) is as clear a case of “demonizing” as there could possibly be.

    But why can’t DeYoung simply own up to these commitments? We’ll, it might be that he acknowledges that they are problematic. After all, he criticizes McLaren for demonizing his targets and obstructing dialogue!

  31. Colin says:

    To CT,
    Kevin Deyoung is doing what is every pastor’s obligation is to do and every congregation’s duty, that is according to Phil.3:7, to ‘mark them’ who are enemies of the cross and as Titus 1:11 ‘whose mouths must be stopped’, Titus 3:10,11. There seems to be a limit as to how much ‘conversing’ can take place with a false teacher. It seems Mclaren has fallen in the sad sad place of 2 Peter 2:21. To endorse what Mclaren defends, goes against the pure sound doctrine of Scripture. It is mean spirited to disagree with a Islamic person when everything that we love and adore about Jesus Christ is denied by Islamic beliefs?
    Believing the Bible to be true and adhering to the core doctrines that it presents does creates problems talking with those who disagree, but that doesn’t mean we should give up these core doctrines in order to ‘make nice’ and save the planet ( which God is going to burn up one day soon).

  32. Colin says:

    correction its Philippians 3:17 not Philippians 3:7. sorry

  33. CT says:

    Yes Colin, but Kevin DeYoung needn’t play the hypocrite in fulfilling his duty.

  34. Colin says:

    Do you agree then that Mclaren’s views are blasphemous and need to be stopped from entering into the churches?

  35. Kevin DeYoung says:

    Lively discussion. I think it is time to move on. Have a great Lord’s Day.

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Kevin DeYoung

Kevin DeYoung is the senior pastor at Christ Covenant Church in Matthews, North Carolina. He is chairman of the board of The Gospel Coalition, assistant professor of systematic theology at Reformed Theological Seminary (Charlotte), and a PhD candidate at the University of Leicester. Kevin and his wife, Trisha, have seven children. You can follow him on Twitter.

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