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Several months ago, the editors at Christian Research Journal asked if I’d write a summary critique of The Hole in Our Gospel by Richard Stearns. I took several months to read through the book carefully and then struggled to condense my review to 1800 words. The article is in the latest issue of CRJ (the issue with Avatar on the cover).

There are many more positives I could highlight about Stearns and his book than get included in my piece. The nature of the review and the word count meant that I had to dive right into my objections. But this doesn’t mean people can’t be very helped, encouraged, and even inspired by this book. If I were writing the review over again I would do more to celebrate all the good Stearns is calling us to do. My concerns are not with the heart motivation, nor with the ends, but with the thinking and rhetoric that is sometimes used to get from the heart to the ends.


Is it possible to write a review that is at the same time sympathetic and critical? I hope so, because that is my goal with Richard Stearns's The Hole In Our Gospel (Thomas Nelson, 2009). Stearns, the president of World Vision, has written a book that is winsome, compelling, and often inspiring. The Hole in Our Gospel is also theologically flawed and economically misguided. In other words, I have some serious criticisms of the book, but its overall charge to care for the poor and put our faith into action is a good and necessary challenge.

The Hole in Our Gospel tries to answer the question, "What does God expect of us?" Stearns argues that God expects more from us than going to church, saying a few prayers, avoiding the big sins, and believing the right things. "The idea behind The Hole in Our Gospel is quite simple. It's basically the belief that being a Christian, or follower of Jesus Christ, requires much more than just having a personal and transforming relationship with God. It also entails a public and transforming relationship with the world" (p. 2, emphasis in original). God changed the world two thousand years ago with twelve men, and He can do it again--if only we will give ourselves fully to the task of being the good news, and bring compassion and justice to a world ravaged by disease, hunger, and oppression.

It's hard not to like Richard Stearns. His love for Jesus Christ and the church is evident. His concern for "the least of these" and disdain for many aspects of the American Dream are admirable. His tone, even in rebuke, is warm and humble. No doubt, World Vision is doing a lot of work near to the heart of God. And Stearns, no doubt, is on the side of the angels. There is a lot to be gained from reading The Hole in Our Gospel. But there are also a number of problems with Stearns's book. Let me mention three.

Moral Proximity

In the worthwhile effort to get us to care about suffering around the world and not just suffering in our own lives, Stearns overshoots his mark and disallows any degrees of moral proximity. To have more compassion for someone closer to us geographically, socially, or culturally, Stearns argues, is to value one human life over another (107). Though he's no fan of Peter Singer (the controversial ethicist from Princeton), he quotes from him approvingly, affirming Singer's principle that moral responsibility cannot take into account proximity or distance (111). So Stearns asks (I'm paraphrasing): Why don't we respond to other people's kids like they are our kids? Why don't we help starving people in Africa like we would if they were literally left on our doorstep? Does God have different compassion for different people in different parts of the world?

Stearns wants to shake us out of our apathy. Good, but this is not the way to do it. I'm not even sure Stearns really believes the implications of his argument. The fact of the matter is that we do care for our own children in a special way. Our hearts do break more for our friends than for people we've never met. This doesn't mean we automatically think those other people are worth less to God. It just means we are human. Jesus didn't weep at the sight of every illness or death, but He did weep when His friend Lazarus died (John 11:35). It is an impossible burden to think that we are obligated to help every orphan in the world like we should help the child drowning in the pool in front of us. Let's stir up compassion, but let's not burden each other with false guilt because we feel a special sense of obligation to help our friends, our family, and those next door. The renewed cry for social justice in our day will only be a helpful corrective to middle-class lethargy if the social justice advocates don't exaggerate our failures and don't overstate their case from Scripture.

In a similar vein, Stearns is quick to turn commands meant for the church into commands to care for the whole world.  He dismisses the idea that the "least of these" in Matthew 25 refers to other Christians or even traveling missionaries, despite the use of the word "brother" (292-93). Elsewhere he concludes: "The Bible is clear from the Old Testament through the New Testament that God's people always had a responsibility to see that everyone in their society was cared for at a basic-needs level" (123). This is an important conclusion for Stearns because it means that poverty is a justice issue. But there's nothing in either Testament to suggest that Christians must see that everyone in society--including all those outside the covenant community--are to be cared for at a basic-needs level. This is not to discourage Christians from helping non-Christians. It does mean, however, that the church is not responsible for the redistribution of a society's resources. Do good to everyone, the Bible teaches, and especially to those of the household of faith (Gal. 6:10).

The Hole in Our Economics

Stearns perpetuates a number of economic fallacies and half-truths. First, he argues, via Jimmy Carter, that the growing gap between the rich and the poor is the root cause underneath most of the world's unresolved problems (98). Although Stearns says in one place that we are not to blame for the poverty of the developing world (123), this note is missing throughout the rest of the book. For example, he leads off Part 3 with John Berger's claim that "the poverty of our century is unlike that of any other. It is not, as poverty was before, the result of natural scarcity, but of a set of priorities imposed upon the rest of the world by the rich" (95). So is poverty in the two-thirds world our fault or not?

Second, the way Stearns employs statistics is misleading. He states that "the wealthiest 7 people on earth control more wealth than the combined GDP of the 41 most heavily indebted nations." But why say "control" instead of "earned" or "created"? He tells us that "the top 20 percent of the world's population consumes 86 percent of the world's goods" (122). But why not give statistics on what percentage of the world's goods that twenty percent also creates? I'm sure many rich people are rapacious goons, but it is unhelpful to frame the numbers as if wealth were a zero-sum game. Stearns argues that "the wealthiest countries, where just one-fifth of the world's population lives, spend 90 percent of the world's health care dollars, allowing the remaining four-fifths of the planet to spend only 10 percent of the money" (141). This makes it sound like there is a fixed pie of health care dollars and all the rich countries raided the pie before the poor countries had a chance to get to the table. This is bad logic and bad economics.

Third, Stearns continues to argue for more government aid. He suggests that if the rich nations would only divert five percent of the military expenditures into aid, another billion people could be lifted out of extreme poverty (158). Not only does this ignore the possibility that military expenditure can actually help the poor, it overlooks the mounting evidence from people such as William Easterly (The White Man's Burden) and Dambisa Moyo (Dead Aid), that governmental aid in places like Africa is more problem than solution.

Getting the Gospel Right

Lastly, and more significantly, The Hole in Our Gospel marginalizes what is central to the gospel. To be fair, Stearns acknowledges that reconciliation between God and man through the atoning work of Christ is part of the gospel (15). But the whole gospel, says Stearns over and over, is God's vision for a new way of living (276). The "essence" of the good news is that God's kingdom is going to begin on earth through the changed lives of His followers. But Stearns doesn't make clear how one enters this kingdom, or that the in-breaking of the kingdom is bad news for those who oppose God and do not trust in Jesus Christ. No doubt, Stearns would agree with the apostle Paul that the gospel is the good news that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that He was buried, and that He was raised from the dead and appeared to many witnesses (1 Cor. 15:3-8). But what Paul labels "as of first importance," I hear Stearns demeaning as a diminished gospel (279).

It seems that for Stearns the gospel is primarily something we do. The gospel is not an announcement of what God has done for us in history. The gospel is a "social revolution" (20). At one point, after quoting 2 Corinthians 5:20 that we are "Christ's ambassadors as though God were making his appeal through us," Stearns says, "God chose us to be His representatives. He called us to go out, to proclaim the 'good news'--to be the 'good news'--and to change the world" (3). This is certainly a curious gloss on what it means for God to make His appeal through us.

Frankly, for all its laudable exhortations, I find Stearns's gospel exhausting and even triumphalistic and paternalistic at times. I can't count all the times in the book we are told to change the world, start a social revolution, or usher in the kingdom of God. If only we gave more or had the will, we could eradicate hunger and win the war on poverty. For the first time in history we have the know-how and access to solve these problems, we are told. Now we just have to make it happen. The church around the world is waiting us for us to act. Without our efforts and resources directed toward the developing world, their lot in life will never improve. According to Stearns, "This is not to be a far-off and distant kingdom to be experienced only in the afterlife. Christ's vision was of a redeemed world order populated by redeemed people--now...It's up to us. We are to be the change" (243-44, emphasis in original). Does God's reign and rule really depend on us?

I think I know where Stearns is coming from. He wants our faith to work. He wants Christians to care about the world and not just about their "fire insurance." I get that. I applaud that. He should be more careful in talking about the gospel, however, lest it become a generic message about how God is going to make the world a better place. "Preach the gospel always; when necessary use words" (23) is not a helpful saying. Besides the fact that there's no record that St. Francis ever said this and every indication that he didn't live this way, the pithy saying represents a confusion of categories. We must use words if we are to preach the gospel, because the gospel is a message we must proclaim. If we never live like Christians, we are not Christians. But to tell people that they must repent and believe in Jesus for the remission of sins, to tell them that God sent His Son in love to bear His just wrath, to tell them that they must receive the kingdom in faith like little children, is not a gospel with a hole in it. It is precisely the center, and Stearns's call to action would have been more compelling if it more clearly radiated from there.

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124 thoughts on “A Hole in Our Gospel?”

  1. Jonathan says:

    I think Kevin DeYoung remains blissfully unaware of how much poverty in the Third World IS our fault, and how much our own nation’s economic policies are designed to keep it that way. Many of our trade policies, our agriculture policies, our defense policies, even our aid policies (especially agricultural aid) are specifically designed to keep Americans rich at the expense of the poor everywhere else. Read the book “Enough: Why the World’s Poorest Starve in an Era of Plenty”, or look at the following blog series starting on March 10:

  2. M Thomas Mathew says:

    Man is basically a spiritual being with a human experience. So spiritual enrichment ensures necessary materialistic enrichment as well (Matthew 6:33). Also read Matthew 6:24 the defining verse of Christianity. Materialistically we see the good that have enough, for a blessed and peaceful earthly pilgrimage, and the wicked rich and the wicked poor on either extreme. More people die due to obesity than hunger I am told and poverty of the mind is a greater problem than poverty itself as I understand with my over two decades of service to the poor. So let us look at life and living not from a human point of view but from God’s.

  3. Nick says:

    Lee, Christ was very consistent in his message and tone towards the pharisees. Although neither could be confused with marshmallows or lollipops, it was a message of love and grace as you suggested. Being stern in message and harsh in tone was apparently Christ’s way of trying to get the message across to the pharisees that they were off track. I am certain it was done out of love.
    In my own life, it is not the people who tell me fluffy lies, out of fear of hurting my feelings that I see as loving, but those who care enough to present the harsh realities.
    The way Christ presented his message would certainly have been perceived as patronizing by much of his audience, but it was and is a message of love and grace. You would have to disregard much of scripture to see it otherwise, which is I think, at least in part, what the title of the book alludes to.

  4. M Thomas Mathew says:

    Jonathan you have a point about American policies ensuring that Americans are rich at the expense of poor everywhere. Yet America has its share of the poor and many children go to school hungry due to broken homes… So the ingredient that is lacking is love… Where there is love there is truth, justice and materialistic provisions…

  5. Leslie says:

    This book is hitting Albuquerque by storm. Women from many conservative churches were invited to a tea several weeks ago, and in my conservative church, a Sunday morning class on it is replacing our orthodox theology class. Simultaneously, proponents are talking social justice and amnesty for immigrants, along with stating that “progressive” and “liberal” tags aren’t so terrible, after all. Whatever the original intent of this book, it is being deployed with a very non-Biblical intent that smacks of utopianism and secular humanism, and the real gospel is being shoved aside. As in the biblical accounts of the tower of Babel and Israel’s demand for a king, it is being used to push aside God’s way of ushering in His kingdom, replacing it with a false gospel involving human effort. I will fight against this advance with everything in me.

  6. Floyd says:

    Leslie, you are absolutely correct. You can read my review of this book on the posting of December 7, 2010. This book caused a division in a Bible study group I was in. The proponents of this book did not have background in the Bible, and they got hooked into it false gospel.

  7. I interpret what Richard Stearns says in The Hole In Our Gospel as meaning that one of the essential characteristics of a good Christian is helping other people. Personally, I believe that means that we should live out lives to serve other people. If everyone acted as a servant toward others, this would be a wonderful world.
    Both today and in the past, self-professed Christians, even evangelical Christians, have supported slavery, genocide, patriarchy, violence (against nonbelievers especially), and other evils. If a Christian is not pursuing social justice, how can someone else consider Christianity a worthwhile religion? You personally may believe that you have been saved by the grace of God, but that salvation may be of no consequence for others if you do not perform good works.

  8. Winter says:

    The accident of finding this post has brthigened my day

  9. Michael says:

    Does Kevin DeYoung make his living writing long criticisms of others? I don’t follow Kevin or know much about it him, but over the past couple of years it seems whenever his name came on something else I was reading, it has always been a smarty pants critique of someone else (the two I recall are Hole in Our Gospel by Richard Stearns and Radical by David Platt). I think Kevin’s time would be better spent contributing something positive rather than wasting his time on long winded take-downs of others trying to make a difference for Christ. (starting each piece of course with obligatory compliments in an opening paragraph).

  10. however says:

    Well I guess I don’t have to spend the weekend figuring this one out!

  11. Joseph Bach says:

    Kevin, As Dale Carnegie stated “don’t ” criticize”, condemn or complain. I see a lot of rhetoric in the many comments….Let’s simplify and say that in A Hole in the Gospel Richard Stern is asking us to please do what Jesus instructed us to do…..

  12. Annabelle says:

    Thankyou for having the courage to point out what has become rampant in the “new Christianity”. The Bible warns us repeatedly about it. Sound doctrine is pretty well irrelevant, context likewise. Some years ago I knew a lady who was very high up in the World Vision organization and her salary was obscenely high. No doubt the President of this organization was in the same boat. Should we help those less fortunate when able. Of course. However Jesus also said His Kingdom was not of this World, and the poor will always be with us. This ideal of trying to change the world via Social and Justice programs is a perfect vehicle for all religions to come and work together under one umbrella, and it wont be Christ at the Head. As it is written.

  13. P Rudenberg says:

    Rev. Ken, Some points well taken. However, I just wonder, having read your commentary, if you have spent any time, or reflected on time spent, with extremely poor Christians in other parts of the world and seen the violence of this poverty (e.g.children dying too young, girls led into trafficking, families separated), and not wondered if Jesus calls on us to respond in a way beyond charity – a way that challenges not only personal sin, but the sinful structures, like Jesus did, that create these scandalous situations. Good place to start on this reflection might be Luke 16:19-31.

  14. Floyd T says:

    Mr. Rudenbery, The issue is not about the poor around us. While our hearts go out to the poor, we must remain true to the gospel. Richard Stearns fails to do so. He adds to the gospel and makes it a works-oriented proposition rather than a message of grace while receiving some 20% from government funds.

  15. P Rudenberg says:

    Then Jesus added to the gospel, too. He was clear, we do have work to do: “Let your light so shine”. And who was the neighbor to this man?” “Lord, when did we see you hungry?”. Faith without works is dead.

  16. Floyd T says:

    Mr. Rudenberg,

    It appears that you assume that the out of context quotations (without citations) you provide are examples of Jesus adding to the gospel. I would urge you to read those quotes within their contexts of not only the gospels but also of the entire New Testament. Those quotations do not comprise the sum of the gospel, because Jesus Himself IS that gospel. To draw your conclusion that Jesus added to the gospel as a response to what I wrote, is a logical fallacy of hasty generalization. That is you fail to explain how your out of context quotations have any relationship to what I said.

    That being said, have you read Stearns’ book? If so, are you aware of his definition of the gospel? The first sentence of his introduction says it all: “What does God expect of us?” That is where Stearns makes his first error about the gospel. The gospel is not what God expects of us but all that God has done for us. He has reversed the gospel into a social justice message foreign to the Bible. Stearns mentions the gospel over one hundred times, and in most cases, he amplifies on his initial question, “What does God expect of us?”

    If you had read Stearns’ book, you would have seen how many times he associates a social revolution with the gospel and even defines the gospel by a social revolution. Stearns writes, “The gospel means much more than the personal salvation of individuals. It means a social revolution.” This is a false gospel, one that fuels liberation theology and extreme radicalism that now rules throughout South America and many parts of Africa. Stearns’ understanding of the gospel is foreign to the Bible. When one begins with a false gospel, one leaves God out of it. As I wrote five years ago in this discussion,

    “He calls the gospel of Christ a “social revolution Jesus intended as His ‘kingdom unfolded on earth as it is in heaven…” He goes on to write, “Jesus seeks a new world order in which the whole gospel hallmarked by compassion, justice, and proclamation of the good news, becomes a reality, first in the hearts and minds, and then in the wider world through our influence.” Still later Stearns writes, “We had become radioactive, postresurrection [sic] Christians envisioned by Jesus for His coming kingdom in a deeper way than ever before.”
    The problem with Stearns’ revolution theory is that it is also post-biblical and unbiblical. Jesus never envisioned a social revolution, and such a vision is never mentioned or anticipated in the Bible. He twists the biblical message to say what he wants the Bible to say and not what the authors actually write through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.”

    Throughout his book, Stearns uses “revolution” twenty eight times, demonstrating that his intent on a social gospel is not misunderstood.”

    Mr. Rudenberg, you need to read Stearns’ book prior to commenting on what others have written on it. Once you read it, you will come to a very different conclusion.

    I would like to ask you another question, “What is your understanding of the gospel?” Your answer will not only determine your understanding of it but also determine your destiny.

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Kevin DeYoung

Kevin DeYoung is the senior pastor at Christ Covenant Church in Matthews, North Carolina. He is chairman of the board of The Gospel Coalition, assistant professor of systematic theology at Reformed Theological Seminary (Charlotte), and a PhD candidate at the University of Leicester. Kevin and his wife, Trisha, have seven children. You can follow him on Twitter.

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