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Genesis 46; Mark 16; Job 12; Romans 16

ONE OF THE MOST DIFFICULT THINGS to grasp is that the God of the Bible is both personal - interacting with other persons - and transcendent (i.e., above space ant time - the domain in which all our personal interactions with God take place). As the transcendent Sovereign, he rules over everything without exception; as the personal Creator, he interacts in personal ways with those who bear his image, disclosing himself to be not only personal but flawlessly good. How to put those elements together is finally beyond us, however frequently they are simply assumed in Scripture.

When Jacob hears that Joseph is alive, he offers sacrifices to God, who graciously discloses himself to Jacob once again: "I am God, the God of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. I will go down to Egypt with you, and I will surely bring you back again. And Joseph's own hand will close your eyes" (Gen. 46:3-4).

The book of Genesis makes it clear that Jacob knew that God's covenant with Abraham included the promise that the land where they were now settled would one day be given to him and to his descendants. That is why Jacob needed this direct disclosure from God to induce him to leave the land. Jacob was reassured on three fronts: (a) God would make his descendants multiply into a "great nation" during their sojourn in Egypt; (b) God would eventually bring them out of Egypt; (c) at the personal level, Jacob is comforted to learn that his long-lost son Joseph will attend his father's death.

All of this provides personal comfort. It also discloses something of the mysteries of God's providential sovereignty, for readers of the Pentateuch know that this sojourn in Egypt will issue in slavery, that God will then be said to "hear" the cries of his people, that in the course of time he will raise up Moses, who will be God's agent in the ten plagues, the crossing of the Red Sea, the granting of the Sinai covenant and the giving of the law, the wilderness wanderings, and the (re) entry into the Promised Land. The sovereign God who brings Joseph down to Egypt to prepare the way for this small community of seventy persons has a lot of complex plans in store. These are designed to bring his people to the next stage of redemptive history, and finally to teach them that God's words are more important than food (Deut. 8).

One can no more detach God's sovereign transcendence from his personhood, or vice versa, than one can safely detach one wing from an airplane and still expect it to fly.

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3 thoughts on “Genesis 46; Mark 16; Job 12; Romans 16”

  1. David says:

    I appreciate Carson’s ministry and his answer, but I’m wondering how we reconcile the tension of needing child-like faith and at the same time trying to answer questions like these (along with other difficult question-and-answer posts on this site). I have a suspicion that “being prepared to give an answer for our faith/hope” is nothing more than rightly understanding a simple and foolish message … and proclaiming it. Questions like these get us to a mere potential for increased faith by the path of doubt, I don’t know if that is the best way to greater faith and understanding. I’m not espousing evangelical anti-intellectualism but I think we should be quick to play the “faith card” and slow to go the way of lofty wisdom.

    I think I could be accused of a false dichotomy, and I think that would be the case if this were from a “Jesus is my theology”, anti-intellectual context, but I think the tension for me is when we seem to step a little bit too far into the realm of God’s secrets, realities of God’s nature that we will not understand on this side of Heaven, no matter how articulate the answer. This is where I think we should come to Him as a mere child rather than as an esteemed Professor. Thoughts?

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