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Screen Shot 2017-08-17 at 5.57.04 PMI’m an educator at heart. When I taught high school, I loved watching light bulbs flick on as my students grasped a new concept. Many people consider lecturing the most important part of teaching. However, the more years I taught, the more I realized students learned as much from my questions as my explanations.

While lecture may offer knowledge, comprehension and even some application, questions force students deeper into Bloom's taxonomy--analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Questions allow students to verbalize their understanding and learn as they share their answers. The mind focuses and engages in a different way when asked something than when told something.

That's why I've always enjoyed small group Bible studies. When people are gathered around the Word, discussing it together, there's an opportunity for a wealth of learning--both from the leader and also from one another.

Yet we've all experienced the awkward moment when small groups go silent. Teachers may have done their homework. They may know all the ins and outs of the theological landscape of the passage being studied. Yet something is missing.

What can make or break a small group time together often has less to do with what teachers know and more to do with what they ask.

Here are a few types of questions to be on your guard against. They're pretty much guaranteed to stifle discussion.

Captain Obvious

While observation questions are excellent for personal Bible study, in groups settings they often fall flat. Everyone knows the answer and no one wants to say it. Why? Because it's RIGHT THERE in front of everyone. Observing the passage is a good thing, but there are ways to do it that allow multiple people to chime in with their thoughts.

Instead of asking, "Who are the three people Paul interacted with in the city of Philippi in Acts 16?" (limited answer: Lydia, a slave girl, and a jailer), it'll garner more discussion to ask, "Describe the three people Paul interacted with in the city of Philippi. What does the text us about their jobs, nationalities, and positions in society? Do you notice anything significant about their similarities or differences?"

One-Word Wonders

If a question's answer is "Yes" or "No," "God" or "Jesus," or "right" or "wrong," it's probably best to go back to the drawing board. Instead of asking, "Are there people in your life that you consider beyond hope for coming to faith?" (limited answer: yes or no), perhaps ask, "What type of people do we often think might not be receptive to the good news? How does having that mindset affect your interactions?"

Mission Impossible

Most likely, the group you lead is not full of biblical scholars. Be careful about asking questions that most of the group can't answer. For instance, while studying Acts 16 you may hear the crickets chirping when you ask, "What was the culture like in the city of Philippi?" Most people aren’t familiar with first-century Roman culture, and they probably can’t find the city of Philippi on a map. You'll invite a more interesting discussion if you go ahead and describe the cultural distinctions of Philippi and then ask, "In what ways is their culture similar or different than ours?"

TMI (Too Much Information)

I'm all for openness and vulnerability in small groups. However, some questions fall flat because they require too much information too soon, especially in mixed settings. I've found asking application questions in a general sense can invite vulnerability without forcing it. Asking a question like, "Where are you struggling with sexual sin like David?" might lead to awkward silence or even more awkwardly, too many words (that can never be unheard).

A more general way to think through an application on the same point is a question that acknowledges the struggle, and seeks to work through it: "In the church today, many are struggling with sexual temptation. What practices and habits can we put into place to help us to fight temptation?" This can lead to a helpful conversation about resources and accountability, and allow the opportunity to discuss private struggles in a one-on-one setting.

Just like it takes time to know how to teach a passage, it takes time to formulate good questions. Eliminating Captain Obvious, One-Word Wonders, Mission Impossible, and TMI questions is the first step.

Next week, I'll offer four suggestions for crafting question that invite discussion.

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8 thoughts on “Four Types of Questions NOT to Ask in Your Small Group Bible Study”

  1. AndyB says:

    Good points. I was in a small group meeting this morning led by a senior pastor. The questions were too obtuse for us to figure out where he was headed with it. When someone finally tried to answer it they were smacked down with an exasperated “No”. Which of course greatly encouraged further dialog. The pastor stormed out after saying we were all idiots because the awkward silence following one of his questions.

    Good times folks…

    Still looking for a church in Marietta GA if ya know of one leave a comment.

    1. Karen Coleman says:

      This is a great church: Grace Community

    2. K Peterson says:

      I was going to recommend Grace Community Church in Marietta, as well. The senior pastor recommended this article to me in preparation for my leading a women’s Bible Study.

  2. Carol Ashworth says:

    This is a great article…especially for small group leaders who don’t have any teaching training. You give some excellent pointers to increase conversation during small groups!

  3. Stephanie says:

    Great suggestions! Captain obvious made me laugh… so many Bible study workbooks I’ve done have these questions in abundance, designed to uncover what the text says, but don’t generate discussion. I struggle with Mission Impossible/Unclear questions. I get lots of “can you repeat that?” Definitel learning how well-crafted questions can draw people out and deep community. Looking forward to the follow-up post!

  4. Oscar Villa says:

    I think that it’s important to ask questions of the Captain Obvious type because
    1) Observation has to do with what is there, in the text, and not what isn’t there. Basic Bible study is built on basic observation.
    2) Asking and answering basic observation questions keeps us anchored on the text and in this trains our readers/members to keep their eye on the text.
    I have noticed that more and more, people start by reading the text and drift off to ideas not found in the text.
    If faithful preachers and pastors study the obvious details then we teach our people how to read their Bibles.

    1. Mike says:

      I agree, not ridiculously obvious, but I find most people have really poor observational skills. They too quickly jump to meaning or application of the passage without really seeing what is there.

  5. Chris Roberts says:

    I think that One-Word Wonders (and closed questions generally) are actually really handy in 2 situations: 1) For the person who’s new or shy, it gives them the opportunity to easily give an answer without risking too much. You might then follow up with encouragement for being correct and questions that go a little deeper. 2) For the person who never stops talking, it allows them to participate, but limits how much they say (then you can direct other questions to everyone else). In both situations, though the question must be directed to an individual (e.g. Gary, do you think this passage is talking about Christians or everyone?).

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Melissa Kruger

Melissa Kruger is a wife, mom, and the author of The Envy of Eve and Walking with God in the Season of Motherhood. She enjoys teaching women the Bible and serves on staff as women’s ministry coordinator at Uptown PCA.

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